The Poverty Probability Index (PPI®) is a poverty measurement tool for organizations and businesses with a mission to serve the poor.  The PPI is statistically-sound, yet simple to use: the answers to 10 questions about a household’s characteristics and asset ownership are scored to compute the likelihood that the household is living below the poverty line – or above by only a narrow margin.  With the PPI, organizations can identify the clients, customers, or employees who are most likely to be poor or vulnerable to poverty, integrating objective poverty data into their assessments and strategic decision-making. 

The latest version of the PPI for India was created in May 2016 by Mark Schreiner of Microfinance Risk Management, L.L.C. Indicators in the PPI for India are based on data from the Household Consumer Expenditure Survey - Round 68 (July 2011 to June 2012) conducted by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO).

Yellow ResetThis PPI was updated in 2016. The definition of income or expenditure, the definition of a poverty line, or both has changed and legacy poverty lines have been created. Download this guide (English, PDF, log-in required) for more information on transitioning to a new version.

India PPI Downloads

PPI Scorecard and Lookup Table

PPI Design Documentation

PPI Interview Guidance

This PPI has been field-tested.

This PPI was field tested by Cashpor Micro Credit and reviewed by users. The field test was coordinated by Grameen Foundation India (GFI). To obtain the results of these exercises, please e-mail us.

Older Versions of India's PPIs

Documentation for India's older PPIs ((A) 2009 PPI released in May 2012, (B) 2005 PPI released in July 2008, and  (C) 2003 PPI released in January 2007) are available on request. To obtain this documentation, please email us. 

About Grameen Foundation India

In India, Grameen Foundation operates through its wholly owned subsidiary, Grameen Foundation India (GFI). GFI has been set up as a social business that catalyzes double bottom line approaches to serving the poor and the poorest. Grameen Foundation India (GFI) strives to create an ecosystem where pro-poor organizations use client level poverty and related data to design products and services in order to better serve the target segments. GFI facilitates and provides the necessary technical support to pro poor organisations and other stakeholders such as Investors and Funders to implementing the PPI.